What is the Difference Between HF and UHF RFID Technology

From the perspective of technological development, high-frequency technology is relatively mature than UHF technology. Through continuous improvement and improvement, a learning curve model for high-frequency tag production, data protocol sharing, and the basis for constructing RFID applications has also been established.

Both high frequency and ultra high frequency RFID systems rely heavily on the communication environment between the RFID reader and the tag. UHF uses the principle of electromagnetic emission and is therefore more susceptible to electromagnetic interference. At the same time, the metal will reflect the signal, and the water will absorb the signal, all of which will interfere with the normal function of the tag.

The International Organization for Standardization/International Electrotechnical Commission established the ISO/IEC, 15693 standard in 1999 to regulate the implementation of high frequency radio frequency identification technology. The standards for UHF are not so uniform, and the frequencies used in different countries are not the same. The UHF designated by the EU is 865~868MHz, the United States is 902~928MHz, India is 865~867MHz, Australia is 920~926MHz, Japan is 952~954MHz.

The European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) EN300-220 specification has two main provisions that are less favorable for UHF. One is about the power limitation, which stipulates that the effective radiated power is 500 mW; the second is about the bandwidth limitation, and as a result, the reader cannot be frequency hopped.

RFID tags have received a lot of praise from users in practical applications. Although the price is relatively high, UHF RFID technology has obvious unique advantages in automatic identification and security of products, and the production efficiency and management of enterprises will be has seen an increase.

Tags : RFID reader UHF RFID technology

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