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How to apply the agricultural Internet of Things? 2019-09-12

How to apply the agricultural Internet of Things?

 


 

In recent years, the agricultural Internet of Things has been in full swing in China. Although it has made great progress, there are still some gaps compared with foreign countries. Let's take a look at the application of this technology abroad with the Yiwu Internet of Things. In foreign countries, the application of agricultural Internet of Things is mainly focused on the monitoring and utilization of agricultural resources, the monitoring of agricultural ecological environment, the fine management of agricultural production and the traceability of agricultural products.

 

(1) Fields of monitoring and utilization of agricultural resources

 

In the field of agricultural resource monitoring and utilization, we use various resource satellites to collect land and resources, and use integrated sensors, information transmission and Internet to integrate information monitoring, transmission and analysis platforms to achieve regional agricultural planning and resource monitoring. For example, the Forestry Resources and Environment Monitoring Network established by the University of California, Los Angeles provides real-time resource utilization information for the corresponding departments through real-time monitoring of forest resources in the California region, providing support for the overall management of forestry. Europe mainly uses resource satellites to monitor land use information in real time. Among them, France uses communication satellite technology to forecast severe weather and measure pests and diseases.

 

(II) Field of agricultural ecological environment monitoring

 

In the field of agricultural ecological environment monitoring, the agricultural Internet of Things mainly uses high-tech means to construct an advanced agricultural ecological environment monitoring network, using wireless sensor technology, information fusion transmission technology and intelligent analysis technology to perceive changes in the ecological environment. For example, researchers at the University of California, Berkeley conducted a nine-month periodic environmental monitoring of the habitat of Dayan Island Shanghai Yan through a wireless sensor network, using regionalized static MICA sensor node deployment to achieve unattended, non-destructive Monitoring of sensitive wildlife and their habitat. Some countries, such as the United States, France, and Japan, have mainly used agricultural informationization platforms that cover the whole country to achieve automatic monitoring of the agricultural ecological environment and ensure the sustainable development of the agricultural ecological environment.

 

(3) Fine management of agricultural production

 

In the field of fine management of agricultural production, the agricultural Internet of Things sensors such as light, temperature, water, gas, soil and biology are deployed in field crop production, orchard planting, livestock and poultry aquaculture, etc., to achieve uninterrupted perception and real-time decision-making. Fine production. For example, in 2002 Intel Corporation took the lead in establishing the world's first wireless sensor network vineyard in Oregon. By using Crossbow's Mote series of sensors, data such as light, soil temperature and humidity are collected every minute to monitor the subtle changes in the grape growing environment in real time to ensure the healthy growth of the grapes. In 2004, two farms in Georgia, USA, used The wireless Internet-equipped long-distance video system and GPS positioning technology monitor vegetable packaging and irrigation systems, respectively. The Dutch VELOS intelligent sow management system enables automatic feeding, automatic management, automatic data transmission and automatic alarms. Thailand has initially formed a small-scale aquaculture Internet of Things, solving the application problems of RFID technology in the field of aquatic products.

 

(4) In the field of agricultural product safety traceability

 

In the field of agricultural product safety traceability, bar code technology and RFID technology are used to track, identify and monitor the production, transportation and consumption processes of agricultural products to ensure the quality and safety of agricultural products. For example, since 2001, Canadian beef cattle used one-dimensional bar code ear tags and then transitioned electronic ear tags. In 2004, Japan built a traceability test system for agricultural products based on RFID technology, and realized the circulation management and individual identification of agricultural products by using RFID tags. In recent years, RFID has become more widely used and has thus formed an automatic identification technology and equipment manufacturing industry. According to ABIresearch's 2007 first quarter report, the global RFID market in 2006 was 3.812 billion US dollars, of which the Asia-Pacific region has become the world's largest market with a scale of 1.407 billion US dollars.

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